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The history of the United States can be seen as a long process of a people trying to get their society closer to an ideal. The Puritans sought to reform the Church of England, which they thought had become corrupt. They referred to their colony as a "city upon a hill," set apart from other colonies by its virtue. The Society of Friends, or Quakers, believed in equality. They were the first American religious group to oppose slavery. There were numerous social reform movements in the mid to late 1800s, including anti-slavery, women's rights, prison reform, public education, temperance, and others. Coming into the twentieth century, a bold new movement, called the Progressive Movement, appeared. The Progressives championed many of the causes of previous reforms, and a few new issues as well. The Progressives were mostly members of the middle class, and most were from the Northeast and the upper Midwest.