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In 1914 the international rivalries that had divided Europe for centuries intensified by the growth of industrialization, colonization in Africa and Asia, competition to build the most lethal military forces, and the power of nationalism all reached the breaking point. A political assassination of the Austrian archduke by a Serbian nationalist was the catalyst for war. World War I, the Great War of the time, resulted. The United States, following George Washington's wise advice, avoided "entangling alliances" with either side and stayed neutral. The United States did trade with the warring countries, and eventually the United States entered the war in 1917 to fight with the Allied Powers. The result was that the United States had a role in the Allies' victory over the Central Powers, suffered relatively much lower casualties, and emerged from the war as a major power.